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WARNIG⚠ highlighted text contains secret treasure

01. Jan

What are flat feet?

Flat feet occur when a person has a very low or non-existent arch in the foot.

The arches provide a spring to the step and help to distribute body weight across the feet and legs. The structure of the arches determines how a person walks. The arches need to be both sturdy and flexible to adapt to stress and a variety of surfaces.

Symptoms

The most common symptom of flat feet is pain in the feet. This can occur as a result of strained muscles and connecting ligaments.

Abnormal stresses on the knee and hip may result in pain in these joints. These stresses are likely if the ankles turn inward.

Pain most commonly affects the following parts of the body:

inside ankle, alongside possible swelling

• arch of the foot

• calf

• knee

hip

• lower back

• lower legs

One or both feet may also feel stiff.

Flat feet can also cause an uneven distribution of body weight. This may result in shoes wearing down unevenly or more quickly than usual, especially on one side, which can lead to further injuries.

Causes

Common causes of flat feet include:

• genetic factors, as flat feet can pass from parents to children in the genes

• weak arches, meaning that the arch is visible when a person sits but the foot flattens onto the ground when they stand

• foot or ankle injury

People are more likely to develop flat feet if they have obesity or diabetes.

Flat feet can develop with age too.

Treatment

No treatment is necessary for flatfeet if they don't cause pain..other than that

Therapy

• Arch supports (orthotic devices).

• Stretching exercises

• Supportive shoes.

Physical therapy.

Surgery